Dental cleaning is part of your oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque and tartar from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. Professional dental cleanings help keep a fresh, healthy and beautiful smile, and prevent more costly dental work.
When plaque is left around the teeth, it creates the right condition for bacteria to grow. These bacteria can irritate the gums and create gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). This makes the gums red and more likely to bleed easily. Gingivitis can easily be treated by a professional cleaning and polishing. Afterwars, the patient should use a medicated mouthwash and brush and floss.
If gingivitis is left untreated, the inflammation will work its way down the tooth and form a “pocket”. This pocket is created because the bacterial are actually causing you to loose the bone around your teeth. We can measure the amount of bone loss around each tooth by doing Periodontal Pocket Measurements. Once these pockets have formed, it is much more difficult to clean the bacteria and you will need a scaling or deep cleaning of the pockets to get them clean. At this stage, gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) becomes periodontal disease (disease of the bone and supporting structures).
Periodontal Disease is a silent disease and can slowly erode the bone and supporting structures of the mouth without any noticeable signs to the patient. If you wait too long, the teeth will actually become loose and by then, it is usually too late to reverse the process.
Gum Disease Treatment
Gum Disease Treatment:
Non-surgical Treatment for Gum Disease
•Professional dental cleaning. During a typical checkup your dentist or dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar (plaque that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning) from above and below the gum line of all teeth. If you have some signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning more than twice-a-year.
•Scaling and root planing. This is a deep-cleaning, nonsurgical procedure, done under a local anesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planing). Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth.
Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease.
Some treatments for gum disease are surgical.
- Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery. During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tarter is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.
- Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate.
Our service can handle all types of extractions including surgical, bony, wisdom teeth extractions, and bite corrections. We can do all these procedures in our office and provide anesthesia or even conscious sedation for an extraction process.
The third molars of the teeth are commonly known as the wisdom teeth. These teeth are the last teeth to erupt in the mouth. It is common for these teeth to be removed before they have a chance to erupt on their own.
Wisdom teeth are extracted when there is not enough room in the mouth to accommodate them. they are also removed as a preventative measure to avoid the pain, infection, or disease that can occur while the teeth are erupting. Wisdom teeth are also removed when they present a health threat to surrounding teeth because they are impacted.
A wisdom tooth is considered impacted when it is growing sideways, is only partially erupted, or is trapped beneath the gum line. When a wisdom tooth is impacted, the only treatment option is extraction.
There can be serious health consequences if an impacted wisdom tooth is not removed. A poorly-aligned, impacted wisdom tooth may damage the roots of surrounding teeth. A partially-erupted wisdom tooth may leave a hole where bacteria can enter the gum and cause an infection. A cyst may develop around the impacted tooth, causing damage to the surrounding bone structure.
Root Canal ( Endodontic treatment ):
A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a root canal, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.
“Root canal” is the term used to describe the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area within the root canal. The tooth’s nerve lies within the root canal.
A tooth’s nerve is not vitally important to a tooth’s health and function after the tooth has emerged through the gums. Its only function is sensory — to provide the sensation of hot or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not affect the day-to-day functioning of the tooth.
We offer both in-office and take home teeth whitening solutions at our comfortable location. For in-office whitening, we use Venus Pro Max, a product that whitens teeth with hydrogen peroxide.
In office whitening treatment takes around 30 min to one hour. For this procedure one of our hygienists will apply the bleaching solution to your teeth that is often able to lighten teeth up to ten shades in one office visit.
In-office bleaching provides the quickest way to whiten teeth. Results are seen in only one, 30- to 60-minute treatment, dramatic results can be seen after the first treatment.
Teeth whitening is not permanent. Those who avoid foods and beverages that stain may be able to wait one year or longer before another whitening treatment or touch-up is needed.
The degree of whiteness will vary from individual to individual depending on the condition of the teeth and the level of staining.
Complete dentures can be either “conventional” or “immediate.” Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal, a conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed.
Unlike conventional dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.
A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the space and attaching artificial teeth to them. This “bridge” is then cemented into place. Not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns. This is a more natural-looking appliance.
Dental crown is a tooth-shaped cap that encases a tooth to restore the tooth to its original shape, size, and strength as well as to improve the overall appearance. A crown fits over and replaces the entire part of a decayed tooth above the gum line. There are several reasons why a dental crown is needed. They include protecting a weak or cracked tooth, to restore an already broken tooth, to cover a large filling when there isn’t much of the tooth left, to hold a dental bridge in place, to cover misshapen or discolored teeth, or to cover a dental implant
Crowns may be made of porcelain or a metal base covered with a thin layer of ceramic that matches your teeth and looks like a normal, healthy tooth. Crowns for the teeth in the back of the mouth may be made of gold.
Dental veneers sometimes called porcelain veneers dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
Dental veneers can be made from porcelain or from resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light reflecting properties of natural teeth. Resin veneers are thinner and require removal of less of the tooth surface before placement. You will need to discuss the best choice of veneer material for you with your dentist.
Did you know that you can have straight, even teeth, and that you do not have to wear ugly metal braces?
Invisalign® clear braces are the non-metal alternatives to traditional braces, with no uncomfortable brackets or wires. Virtually invisible, they do not attract attention. What people will see is your smile, and only your smile.
Like traditional braces, the Invisalign® system handles crooked, overlapping or crowded teeth, wide spaces, over-bite, under-bite, and cross-bite.
Unlike traditional braces, they are transparent, and they are removable for brushing, flossing, eating, or even taking a break to attend a special occasion.
How does Invisalign® work?
Invisalign® uses a series of clear, removable aligners to straighten your teeth without metal wires or brackets. Each aligner is custom-made for your teeth.
You wear each set of aligners for about 2 weeks, removing them only to eat, drink, brush, and floss. As you change to each new set of aligners, your teeth move gradually into their final ideal position.
How long does the Invisalign® process take?
The total treatment time for Invisalign patients will experience averages nine to fifteen months, and the average number of aligner sets used is between eighteen and thirty. Each case is different, so both the time and the number of aligners may vary.
Other benefits of Invisalign®
- You will make fewer trips to your dental or orthodontic office, since there will be no adjustments of fixed metal brackets or wires.
- You can enjoy all your favorite foods, since you won’t be wearing your aligners while you eat.
- X-rays, cleanings, and some other procedures previously not possible while wearing metal braces are not prevented by Invisalign®.
- Since aligners are upgraded every two weeks, the process is comfortable, gradual and painless.